ARTICLES

BOOK REVIEW:  Saul J. Takahashi (ed.), “Civil and Political Rights in Japan” (Routledge, 2019)

BOOK REVIEW:  Saul J. Takahashi (ed.), “Civil and Political Rights in Japan” (Routledge, 2019)

NUMBER1 Shinbun FCCJ (Foreign Corresponding Club of Japan)

2021/01/04

Introducing a fine collection of articles on important human rights issues by highly qualified authors.

The Reality of the “Right to Counsel” in Japan and the Lawyers’ Campaign to Change It

The Reality of the “Right to Counsel” in Japan and the Lawyers’ Campaign to Change It

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 18, Issue. 13, No. 4

2020/07/02

Makoto Ibusuki and Lawrence Repeta

This article describes the evolution in access to legal counsel during the pretrial interrogation stage, the recent decline in pretrial detentions, and the campaign for the regulation of interrogations by Japan’s bar associations.  Available evidence suggests this decline is primarily the result of the proactive stance of defense attorneys who challenge court detention orders more frequently and of judges who are more willing to recognize those challenges and release suspects from detention.

No need for "constitutional emergency power" -- Diet action serves the "public welfare"

No need for "constitutional emergency power" -- Diet action serves the "public welfare"

The Asahi Shimbun

2020/06/02

Some people suggest that Japan’s Constitution must be revised in order to grant the Cabinet special authority to address the coronavirus emergency.  But there is no need for such a change to the Constitution.  This article introduces a court judgment from the United States regarding lockdown orders.

The coronavirus and Japan’s Constitution

The coronavirus and Japan’s Constitution

Japan Times

2020/04/14

Article 41provides the government with sufficient power to take aggressive action

SEATTLE – Many foreign observers are puzzled by Japan’s odd response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which some call a “soft lockdown.” After dithering for weeks, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe finally exercised power granted under the recently revised New Influenza Special Measures Act to declare a state of emergency on April 7 over Tokyo and six other prefectures, authorizing prefectural governors to request social-distancing measures and other actions.

傍聴席でメモ、平成から=米弁護士が提起、最高裁認め

傍聴席でメモ、平成から=米弁護士が提起、最高裁認め

時事ドットコムニュース

2019/04/21

全国の裁判所で行われている裁判は憲法の規定に基づき、誰でも法廷で傍聴できるが、傍聴席で自由にメモが取れるようになったのは平成になってからだ。それまでは許可が必要とされていた上、実際に認められることはまれだった。変わるきっかけは、米国人の弁護士が起こした訴訟だった。

Court routinely discards records on historic lawsuits, trials

Court routinely discards records on historic lawsuits, trials

The Asahi Shimbun

2019/02/05

The Tokyo District Court has rarely used a special system designed to preserve historically valuable trial records, meaning that documents on some epoch-making civil lawsuits no longer exist, The Asahi Shimbun has found.

Under the “special preservation” system that already existed in prewar years, the court is supposed to decide what could become historic trial documents or reference materials, and preserve them forever.

Backstory to Abe’s Snap Election – the Secrets of Moritomo, Kake and the “Missing” Japan SDF Activity Logs

Backstory to Abe’s Snap Election – the Secrets of Moritomo, Kake and the “Missing” Japan SDF Activity Logs

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 15, Issue. 20, No. 6

2017/10/15

Prime Minister Abe Shinzo announced his call for national elections on Monday, September 25. News reports explained that he deemed the timing right due to a recent bounce in public support triggered by threats from North Korea and by the severe weakness of the political opposition.1  .........

Japan Supreme Court Limits Police GPS Surveillance, Citing Constitution Article 35 /2017/08/japan-supreme-court-limits-police-gps-surveillance-citing-constitution-article-35/

Japan Supreme Court Limits Police GPS Surveillance, Citing Constitution Article 35 /2017/08/japan-supreme-court-limits-police-gps-surveillance-citing-constitution-article-35/

I-CONnect

2017/08/16

On March 15 of this year, the Supreme Court of Japan issued a rare decision that limits the authority of the police to conduct surveillance operations. The case involved the placement of GPS tracking devices on the vehicles of surveillance targets. According to the published Supreme Court opinion,  ...

When open minds fight closed courts in Japan

When open minds fight closed courts in Japan

The JAPAN TIMES

2017/07/16

On Nov. 28, 2016, the Nagoya High Court overturned the acquittal of Hiroto Fujii, mayor of the Gifu city of Minokamo, sentencing him to 18 months imprisonment with labor, suspended for three years. Elected in 2013 at the age of 28, he remains Japan’s youngest mayor.

メディアの戦後史 1989年 法廷内メモ訴訟「自由」の扉、外国人開く

メディアの戦後史 1989年 法廷内メモ訴訟「自由」の扉、外国人開く

The Mainichi Newspapers

2017/07/07

「裁判は公開の法廷で行う」。憲法82条にはそう書いてある。裁判の公平さを確保するための規定だと考えられている。公開の実態はどうか。

国際法上の人権としての「情報に対する権利」

国際法上の人権としての「情報に対する権利」

JCLU Newsletter vol.403

2017/07/01

今日、開かれた政府を求める世界の活動家たちが提唱する「情報に対する権利」というフレーズは、大きな力を持つに至っている。開かれた政府を求める運動の世界的なリーダーの一人であるトビー・メンデル(Toby Mendel)は最近次のように書いた。

人権軽視した山城氏長期勾留

人権軽視した山城氏長期勾留

The Mainichi Newspapers

2017/03/07

沖縄・米軍普天間飛行場の辺野古移設や高江ヘリパッド建設に抗議する運動のリーダーが140日以上にわたり勾留されるという、異常な事態が起きている。長期間の拘束は国際的な人権基準に反している。

The silencing of an anti-U.S. base protester in Okinawa

The silencing of an anti-U.S. base protester in Okinawa

The JAPAN TIMES

2017/01/05

When three antiwar activists were detained by the Tokyo police for 75 days in 2004, the Nobel Prize-winning international rights group, Amnesty International, formally declared them to be “prisoners of conscience,” thus tarring Japan’s reputation with a brush that is ordinarily reserved for the world’s most oppressive regimes...............

Prime Minister Abe Subverts Japan’s Public Records Act

Prime Minister Abe Subverts Japan’s Public Records Act

freedominfo.org

2015/10/09

Japan’s open government activists hailed the adoption of the national Public Records and Archives Management Act (“Public Records Act”) as a milestone in government accountability. When that law took effect on April 1, 2011, government agencies were legally required to make and preserve records ...........

Japan’s Proposed National Security Legislation — Will This Be the End of Article 9?
国家安全保障基本法案 九条の終焉か

Japan’s Proposed National Security Legislation — Will This Be the End of Article 9?
国家安全保障基本法案 九条の終焉か

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 13, Issue. 24, No. 3

2015/06/22

Japan is facing a constitutional crisis. The ruling coalition seeks to pass legislation that would overturn the nation’s longstanding prohibition of “collective self-defense.” Expert opinion is nearly unanimous that these proposals violate Article 9, the peace provision of Japan’s Constitution. ..................

政府の秘密と不正を暴く報道の役割 - スノーデン事件と海外メディアの経験から

政府の秘密と不正を暴く報道の役割 - スノーデン事件と海外メディアの経験から

The Japan Newspaper Publishers and Editors Association『新聞研究』 No.761

2014/12/01

"Raising the Wall of Secrecy in Japan -the State Secrecy Law of 2013"

"Raising the Wall of Secrecy in Japan -the State Secrecy Law of 2013"

Meiji Law Journal, Vol. 21 (P13-P34)

2014/03/26

Japanʼs national Diet adopted a comprehensive state secrecy law on December 6, 2013.1 Expanded state secrecy power is emblematic of the broad political agenda of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his allies.

"Japan’s 2013 State Secrecy Act -- The Abe Administration’s Threat to News Reporting"
2013年日本の特定秘密保護法 安部政権、報道に対する脅し

"Japan’s 2013 State Secrecy Act -- The Abe Administration’s Threat to News Reporting"
2013年日本の特定秘密保護法 安部政権、報道に対する脅し

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 12, Issue 10, No. 1

2014/02/10

The "Specially Designated Secrets Protection Law"1 poses a severe threat to news reporting and press freedom in Japan. Government officials have not shied away from intimidating reporters in the past. ..............

オバマ政権とジャーナリズム ​140万人が最高機密に接近可能な米国  秘密保全制度が国家を脆弱化する

オバマ政権とジャーナリズム ​140万人が最高機密に接近可能な米国  秘密保全制度が国家を脆弱化する

The Asahi Shinbun 『Journalism 』 no.283

2013/12/01

"A New State Secrecy Law for Japan?" 新たな秘密保護法?

"A New State Secrecy Law for Japan?" 新たな秘密保護法?

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 11, Issue 42, No. 1

2013/10/21

The "Specially Designated Secrets Protection Law"1 poses a severe threat to news reporting and press freedom in Japan. Government officials have not shied away from intimidating reporters in the past. The new law will grant them greater power to do so.  ..............

Japan’s Democracy at Risk – The LDP’s Ten Most Dangerous Proposals for Constitutional Change 危機に瀕する日本の民主主義 自民党憲法改正案、最も危険な10項目

Japan’s Democracy at Risk – The LDP’s Ten Most Dangerous Proposals for Constitutional Change 危機に瀕する日本の民主主義 自民党憲法改正案、最も危険な10項目

The Asia-Pacific Journal / Japan Focus, Vol. 11, Issue 28, No. 3

2013/07/14

Is it time to bring Japan’s postwar experiment in liberal democracy to an end? Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and his followers seem to think so. In April 2012, the LDP published a clear blueprint for constitutional revision that would go a long way toward achieving this goal. ..........

Government transparency : Japan's Information Disclosure Law od 2001

Government transparency : Japan's Information Disclosure Law od 2001

Freedom of Information Review

2003/08/01

On 13 December 2001, a three-judge panel of Nagoya District Court rendered the first court decision appying Japan's new information disclosure law.

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